Festivals & Events

Minto New Brunswick: From Coal Boom to Modern Times

A Century of Transformation

Nestled on the picturesque shores of Grand Lake in New Brunswick, Canada, the town of Minto boasts a rich history that spans over a century. Minto's story is deeply intertwined with the coal mining industry, a legacy that has left an indelible mark on the community.


The Birth of Minto

Minto's journey began in 1904 when it officially adopted its present name. The town owes its nomenclature to the retirement of Canada's eighth Governor General, The Earl of Minto. A fascinating anecdote suggests that the village took inspiration from the local Minto Hotel, where a letter addressed to Mr. Kennedy from Moncton was found enclosed in an envelope bearing the name of the Minto Hotel. Intrigued by the name, the family that owned the hotel decided it would be a fitting name for their establishment. Soon, the name Minto found its way into the hearts of the locals, eventually becoming the name of the town itself.


The Coal Mining Boom

Minto's rise to prominence came with the coal mining boom in the early 1900s. The discovery of coal reserves brought financial prosperity to the town during a time when much of Canada was grappling with the Great Depression. Minto's coal mines were a beacon of hope, offering employment opportunities and economic growth. During the height of the coal mining industry, landowners were allowed to mine under their properties without licenses or royalties. This practice ended in 1915, and mining conditions, as well as the living conditions of miners and their families, began to deteriorate. Lower wages and a lack of maintenance in the mines and housing provided to miners led to a challenging period for the community. While specific figures on mining-related deaths in Minto New Brunswick are not readily available, fatalities did occur, and the industry brought suffering to the town.


The Railway Connection

The need to transport coal led to the arrival of the railway in Minto, New Brunswick transforming the town into a vital transportation hub. The New Brunswick Central Railway initially terminated in Chipman, located approximately 15 miles northeast of Minto. However, plans were made to extend the railway through Minto to Fredericton and connect it with the Canadian Pacific Railway. By 1904, the railway reached Minto, although the extension to Fredericton was abandoned in 1905 and was not completed until 1913. Today, while the railway lines have been removed, the old railway station continues to stand as a local museum, preserving the memory of Minto's railroad heritage.


End of an Era

By the end of 2010, the coal mining era in Minto, New Brunswick had come to a close when the last coal mining company, NB Coal, shuttered its operations. The town bid farewell to an industry that had played a central role in its history for decades. The closure of the Grand Lake Generating Station marked the end of an era, as the town looked toward new horizons.


A Future Beyond Coal

While the coal industry is no longer the driving force in Minto, the town's resilient spirit and storied history continue to shape its identity. The transition from coal to a more diversified economy presents both challenges and opportunities for the town's residents. Today, Minto remains a close-knit community, cherishing its heritage while embracing the possibilities of a changing world. As Minto, New Brunswick reflects on its past and looks toward the future, the town stands as a testament to the enduring spirit of its people and the rich tapestry of its history, from its coal mining roots to the vibrant, modern community it has become.